Doctors' Rights and Patients' Obligations
Marshall, Sandra E.
Bioethics. 1990 Oct; 4(4): 292-310.
Marshall examines arguments for and against physicians breaching their duty of confidentiality to persons diagnosed with HIV or AIDS by notifying third parties such as sexual partners or general practitioners who give care unrelated to HIV or AIDS. The arguments presuppose that the confidentiality right is not absolute, but may give way under certain circumstances. A physician's obligations to the larger community, for instance, may outweigh the obligation to keep a diagnosis of AIDS or HIV confidential. Marshall also argues that physicians who incur risks by treating patients with AIDS or HIV have a right to knowledge that will help them protect themselves. A patient with AIDS or HIV may be obliged to reveal this fact to physicians when seeking care for other health problems, or to allow the diagnosing physican to do so. These arguments may have implications for the debate over testing patients for AIDS or HIV without consent. (KIE abstract)
Aids; Aids Serodiagnosis; Confidentiality; Contact Tracing; Consent; Diagnosis; Doctors; Health; Health Personnel; HIV Seropositivity; Informed Consent; Knowledge; Mass Screening; Moral Policy; Obligations to Society; Occupational Exposure; Organizational Policies; Organizations; Patients; Physician Patient Relationship; Physicians; Policy Analysis; Professional Organizations; Rights;
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