Judaism, Justice, and Access to Health Care
Mackler, Aaron L.
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. 1991 Jun; 1(2): 143-161.
This paper develops the traditional Jewish understanding of justice (tzedakah) and support for the needy, especially as related to the provision of medical care. After an examination of justice in the Hebrew Bible, the values and institutions of tzedakah in Rabbinic Judaism are explored, with a focus on legal codes and enforceable obligations. A standard of societal responsibility to provide for the basic needs of all, with a special obligation to save lives, emerges. A Jewish view of justice in access to health care is developed on the basis of this general standard, as well as explicit discussion in legal sources. Society is responsible for the securing of access to all health care needed by any individual. Elucidation of this standard of need and corresponding societal obligations, and the significance of the Jewish model for the contemporary United States, are considered.
Access to Health Care; Beneficence; Critically Ill; Cultural Pluralism; Ethics; Health; Health Care; Health Care Delivery; Indigents; Illness; Jewish Ethics; Justice; Legal Obligations; Life; Medicine; Moral Obligations; Obligations of Society; Physicians; Preventive Medicine; Public Policy; Religious Ethics; Resource Allocation; Rights; Standards; Theology; Value of Life; Values; Virtues;
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