A Systems Approach to Ethical Problems
Ethics and Behavior. 1991; 1(2): 129-143.
Codes of professional ethics and cases designed to teach ethical decision making are written for individual professionals and ignore the systems level of analysis. They typically employ a lineal view of causality and overvalue placement of blame as a component of ethical problem solving. This article takes a systems approach to ethical problems and identifies aspects of systems that promote or impede ethical decision making. Psychological abuse of children is used as an example of a problem requiring a coordinated, systemic response to ethical issues such as autonomy, privacy, and confidentiality.
Autonomy; Case Studies; Child Abuse; Children; Communication; Confidentiality; Decision Analysis; Decision Making; Ethical Analysis; Ethics; Family Relationship; Goals; Health; Health Personnel; Information Dissemination; Interdisciplinary Communication; Law; Law Enforcement; Lawyers; Mental Health; Patient Care; Privacy; Professional Ethics; Psychological Stress; Psychology; Social Workers;
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MacKay, Elise; O'Neill, Patrick (1992)Twenty psychologists were interviewed about an ethical dilemma that they had found to be particularly difficult to resolve. In just under half of the cases the dilemma involved a perceived conflict of ethical principles (e.g., ...