Unrequested Termination of Life: Is It Permissible?
van der Wal, Gerrit
Bioethics. 1993 Jul; 7(4): 330-339.
Conclusion: One can appreciate and understand why doctors take action to terminate life without being requested by the patient who is suffering unbearably and pointlessly. But in my opinion such action is not permissible from a moral point of view. In the first place there is a danger that interests other than those of the patient will play a decisive role. Furthermore, it is not permissible because the interest of society as a whole is at stake. The safety of all future patients would no longer be guaranteed. It is also not allowed because the medical profession must constantly be on its guard so that it does not become caught up in the situations described above. In nearly every case it should be possible for doctor and patient to discuss the termination of life explicitly and at an early stage. The ultimate reason why termination of life without request of the patient is not permissible is that in principle it will never be possible to draw a clear dividing line between unrequested and unwanted termination of life. However, it is conceivable that in certain cases the conflict of loyalties will be such that unrequested termination of life is justified. In the rare extreme case of an inescapable conflict of equally stringent duties, it may just be necessary to do something which in essence is impermissible.
Allowing to Die; Autonomy; Beneficence; Competence; Consent; Drugs; Doctors; Euthanasia; Evaluation; Evaluation Studies; Family Members; Futility; Involuntary Euthanasia; Life; Moral Policy; Patients; Persistent Vegetative State; Physicians; Public Policy; Quality of Life; Statistics; Suffering; Terminally Ill; Terminology; Third Party Consent; Value of Life; Voluntary Euthanasia; Withholding Treatment;
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An act for the purpose of prohibiting the use of certain genetic information to deny or otherwise affect a health insurance policy or contract; prohibiting the request or requirement of certain genetic information as a basis for issuing or renewing health benefits coverage; prohibiting the disclosure of certain genetic information to certain persons without certain authorization of the individual from whom the genetic information was obtained; identifying certain permissible purposes for disclosure of genetic information; defining certain terms; repealing the termination date of certain provisions of law that relate to the use of genetic tests; and generally relating to prohibiting discrimination on the basis of genetic information in health insurance Maryland. Laws, statutes, etc. (1999-04-13)