The Dead Donor Rule: Should We Stretch It, Bend It, or Abandon It?
Arnold, Robert M.
Youngner, Stuart J.
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. 1993 Jun; 3(2): 263-278.
The dead donor rule -- that persons must be dead before their organs are taken -- is a central part of the moral framework underlying organ procurement. Efforts to increase the pool of transplantable organs have been forced either to redefine death (e.g., anencephaly) or to take advantage of ambiguities in the current definition of death (e.g., the Pittsburgh protocol). Society's growing acceptance of circumstances in which health care professionals can hasten a patient's death also may weaken the symbolic importance of the dead donor rule. We consider the implications of these efforts to continually revise the line between life and death and ask whether it would be preferable to abandon the dead donor rule and rely entirely on informed consent as a safeguard against abuse.
Advance Directives; Allowing to Die; Anencephaly; Assisted Suicide; Attitudes; Autonomy; Body Parts and Fluids; Brain; Brain Death; Brain Pathology; Cadavers; Cardiac Death; Consent; Death; Determination of Death; Donors; Euthanasia; Family Members; Health; Health Care; Hearts; Informed Consent; Institutional Policies; Killing; Life; Moral Policy; Motivation; Organ Donation; Organ Donors; Organ Procurement; Policy Analysis; Public Opinion; Public Policy; Quality of Life; Standards; Suicide; Terminally Ill; Tissue Donation; Utilitarianism; Ventilators; Voluntary Euthanasia;
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