When Do Organs Become "Spare Parts"?
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 1992 Fall; 1(4): 349-353.
The proposal advanced here regarding anencephalic infants and those in irreversible comas as [organ] donors could be implemented under 1) a presumptive program allowing exceptions or 2) a consent program. Under a presumptive program allowing exception, anencephalic infants and the irreversibly comatose would be presumed to be available for use as organ donors, but the presumption could be revoked. That is, these patients would be routinely available for transplantation unless they or members of their immediate family had registered such an objection. No objections are offered here regarding the implementation of a presumptive program allowing exceptions
Adults; Anencephaly; Body Parts and Fluids; Brain; Brain Death; Children; Consent; Death; Determination of Death; Donors; Family Members; Infants; Newborns; Organ Donation; Organ Donors; Patients; Persistent Vegetative State; Presumed Consent; Third Party Consent; Tissue Donation; Transplantation; Wedge Argument;
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Gibson, Joan McIver; Kushner, Thomasine Kimbrough (1986-06)Now that ethics committees are firmly established in a majority of U.S. hospitals (60%, according to recent surveys), attention is shifting to the roles they play and the problems they face. Administrative concerns ...