Ethical Issues and Transplantation Technology
Thomasma, David C.
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 1992 Fall; 1(4): 333-343.
Conclusion: The value of identity with organs can be used to promote altruism and responsibility to others. Autonomy can be enlisted to create a public commitment to a new default mode of donation with the choice being opting out, rather than opting in. Organs should not be bought and sold as if they were objects unencumbered with values. The moment of death is not a medical but a social decision that can vary as the times and technology change, and what is distinctly human about us is affect and cognition, not possible when the higher brain function has permanently vanished.
Advance Directives; Altruism; Attitudes; Autonomy; Body Parts and Fluids; Brain; Brain Death; Cadavers; Cognition; Common Good; Consent; Death; Determination of Death; Directed Donation; Ethical Analysis; Fetal Tissue Donation; Incentives; Institutional Policies; Moral Obligations; Moral Policy; Motivation; Organ Donation; Persistent Vegetative State; Physicians; Policy Analysis; Presumed Consent; Public Policy; Remuneration; Required Request; Scarcity; Selection for Treatment; Social Impact; Technology; Tissue Donation; Tissue Transplantation; Transplant Recipients; Transplantation; Values;
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