The Ethics of HIV Testing by Physicians
Murphy, Timothy F.
Journal of Medical Humanities. 1993 Fall; 14(3): 123-135.
This essay argues that informed consent remains desirable for both moral and practical reasons in regard to HIV testing by physicians. At the very least, respect for consent preserves patient control over treatment and affords the opportunity for education about the nature of HIV-related disorders. Nevertheless, there do appear to be circumstances under which involuntary testing may occur especially when health care workers may have become occupationally exposed to risk of HIV infection. To eliminate conflicts between health workers and their patients, however, it is desirable to work to eliminate the stigmatizing and discriminatory effects of HIV infection that can induce persons to resist testing.
Aids; Aids Serodiagnosis; Anonymous Testing; Autonomy; Confidentiality; Counseling; Consent; Decision Making; Diagnosis; Disclosure; Discrimination; Education; Ethics; Government; Government Regulation; Health; Health Care; Health Personnel; HIV Seropositivity; Homosexuals; Informed Consent; Legal Liability; Liability; Nature; Occupational Exposure; Patient Care; Patients; Physician Patient Relationship; Physicians; Psychological Stress; Regulation; Risk; Risks and Benefits; Social Discrimination; Stigmatization; Trust; Voluntary Programs;