Ethics Committees, Organ Transplantation and Public Policy
Dickens, Bernard M.
Law, Medicine and Health Care. 1992 Winter; 20(4): 300-306.
Conclusion: It is clear that ethics committees face many dilemmas in developing sound public policy on organ transplantation through their roles in serving their institutions and their communities. With conscientiousnes and good faith, different committees may adopt different approaches to the same issue, and arrive at different solutions when subscribing to the same approach. It is valuable that committee members should be aware of other committees' approaches and disclose the reasons for their own in a frank, non-defensive way. It should also be remembered that a measure of legitimacy can attach to ethics committees' decisions because of the integrity with which their decisions are reached, even when they differ from other committees' decisions. Like courts of law, their decisions carry weight because of how they are reached, not simply because of how they comport with the judgments of others. This is not to say that every or any legally permissible policy is ethically sound, but only that ethics committees can contribute to public satisfaction that institutions are under reliable control through the demonstrable integrity and competence of their processes of policy making.
Alcohol Abuse; Autonomy; Body Parts and Fluids; Clinical Ethics; Coercion; Competence; Decision Making; Directed Donation; Donors; Discrimination; Ethicists; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Family Members; Hospitals; Institutional Policies; Justice; Law; Legal Aspects; Livers; Minority Groups; Minors; Organ Donation; Organ Donors; Organ Transplantation; Parents; Policy Making; Prognosis; Public Policy; Remuneration; Resource Allocation; Selection for Treatment; Social Discrimination; Tissue Donation; Tissue Transplantation; Transplant Recipients; Transplantation;
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