Epidemiology and Moral Philosophy
Journal of Medical Ethics. 1992 Dec; 18(4): 193-196.
To an increasing extent ethical controversies affect and sometimes obstruct public health work and epidemiological research. In order to improve communication between the concerned parties a model for identification and analysis of ethical conflicts in individual-based research has been worked out in co-operation between epidemiologists and moral philosophers. The model has two dimensions. One dimension specifies relevant ethical principles (as beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy and justice). The other dimension specifies the groups of persons involved in the conflict under consideration (for example: the study-population, individuals who may benefit from the results, the researchers and their personnel, the community at large). The model has been applied to the problem of legitimacy of case-register research and to problems in psychiatric health services research as well as epidemiological research.
Autonomy; Autopsies; Behavioral Research; Beneficence; Biomedical Research; Communication; Confidentiality; Consent; Decision Analysis; Disclosure; Drug Abuse; Epidemiology; Ethical Analysis; Ethical Review; Evaluation; Family Members; Health; Health Hazards; Health Services; Health Services Research; HIV Seropositivity; Human Experimentation; Industry; Investigators; Justice; Medical Devices; Medical Records; Medicine; Mortality; Occupational Exposure; Occupational Medicine; Philosophy; Preventive Medicine; Public Health; Public Policy; Records; Research; Research Subjects; Researchers; Review; Risks and Benefits; Suicide;
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Westrin, Claes-Goran; Nilstun, Tore (1994-02-19)Legal controls over data collection in European countries have badly affected the work of epidemiologists. By contrast, journalists have been allowed far greater freedoms. The aims and tasks of both professions are in line ...