Institutional Ethics Committees in the Netherlands
Kloot Meijburg, H.H. van der
HEC (HealthCare Ethics Committee) Forum. 1992; 4(3): 209-217.
When, in 1984, the Dutch government added the institutional review board to the list of federal requirements, the interest in institutional ethics committees (IEC) began to rise. Decisions to forgo medical treatment, concern over patients' autonomy and privacy, protective measures, sterilization, and organ transplantation have posed ethical questions as well. Within health care institutions people set about to organize around the need for ethical reflection. Sometimes their efforts led to the establishment of an IEC, sometimes they found other solutions, sometimes they came to the conclusion that their efforts were premature. This article is an account of these developments and their complexity. The data for this essay are drawn from various resources, but mainly from an extensive research project completed in 1990 by the National Hospital Institute of the Netherlands.
Autonomy; Bioethical Issues; Clinical Ethics; Clinical Ethics Committees; Ethical Review; Ethicists; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Government; Government Regulation; Health; Health Care; Hospitals; Human Experimentation; Institutional Ethics; Organ Transplantation; Patient Care; Patients; Privacy; Regulation; Research; Research Ethics; Research Ethics Committees; Review; Statistics; Sterilization; Transplantation;
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Kloot Meijburg, Herman H. van der (1994-05)In discussing the role and position of IECs in the Netherlands, I shall first explore the existing differences between these committees. My second objective is to explain how these differences relate to each other and thus ...