The Ethics Consultant and Ethics Committees and Their Acronyms: IRBs, HECs, RM, QA, UM, PROs, IPCs, and HREAPs
La Puma, John
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 1993 Fall; 2(4): 469-475.
Much has been written about the role of hospital ethics committees. Ethics committees may have begun in Seattle in the early 1960s, but they were reified in New Jersey by the Quinlan Court in the 1970s and thrived in the national bioethics movement of the 1980s. In this flurry of ethics activity, several new forms of ethics committees have evolved. New forms of ethics committees include patient care-oriented ethics committees (RM, QM, & QA). Many ethicists are familiar with mission-oriented ethics committees (IRBs & HECs). Such committees have taken on new roles, and include PROs, IPCs, and HREAPs. In general, these committees are regulatory in nature and may often rely on rules and regulations to assess patient cases, research protocols, and health professional practices. In this paper, we review these new healthcare ethics committees and consider how clinical ethicists may assist these committees in their work.
Alcohol Abuse; Bioethics; Clinical Ethics; Clinical Ethics Committees; Communication; Competence; Consultation; Drug Abuse; Ethicists; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Ethics Consultation; Forms; Health; Health Care; Health Personnel; Hospitals; Hospital Ethics Committees; Institutional Policies; Interdisciplinary Communication; Nature; Patient Care; Peer Review; Professional Competence; Quality of Health Care; Regulation; Research; Research Ethics; Research Ethics Committees; Review; Risk; Terminology;
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