Is Coma Morally Equivalent to Anencephalia?
Ethics and Behavior. 1993; 3(2): 187-198.
In this article I contend that the tendency to equate coma with anencephalia is a mistake. A key idea here is that there is a type of "mental-state" predicate that is applicable to the comatose but not to anencephalics. One of the moral implications of this is that the concept of "brain death," its alleged popularity notwithstanding, is badly confused. Also, because anencephalics have no mental life, there are few moral grounds for hesitating to use anencephalics as organ donors.
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Sulmasy, Daniel P.; Sugarman, Jeremy (1994-12)Many medical ethicists accept the thesis that there is no moral difference between withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining therapy. In this paper, we offer an interesting counterexample which shows that this thesis is ...
Are Withholding and Withdrawing Therapy Always Morally Equivalent? a Reply to Sulmasy and Sugarman Harris, John (1994-12)This paper argues that Sulmasy and Sugarman have not succeeded in showing a moral difference between withholding and withdrawing treatment. In particular, they have misunderstood historical entitlement theory, which does not ...