Justice and the Inclusion of Women in Clinical Studies: An Argument for Further Reform
DeBruin, Debra A.
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. 1994 Jun; 4(2): 117-146.
Our society's practice of inadequately representing women as subjects of clinical research is unjust, not only because it results in inequalities in the quality and availability of care that have a detrimental impact on women's health, but also because it is linked to women's oppression. Although recent policy changes help to resolve the problems, more must be done. Additional remedies for the injustices of our society's research practices are proposed.
Aids; Autonomy; Biomedical Research; Compensation; Clinical Research; Drugs; Discrimination; Economics; Federal Government; Females; Fetuses; Food; Government; Government Regulation; Guidelines; Health; Health Care; Heart Diseases; HIV Seropositivity; Hormones; Human Experimentation; Justice; Males; Medicine; Minority Groups; Moral Policy; Policy Analysis; Public Policy; Quality of Health Care; Regulation; Research; Research Design; Resource Allocation; Rights; Risks and Benefits; Selection of Subjects; Social Discrimination; Social Dominance; Social worth; Women's Health; Women's Rights;
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DeBruin, Debra A; Liaschenko, Joan; Fisher, Anastasia (2011-06)Despite prevalent concerns about the ethical conduct of clinical trials, little is known about the day-to-day work of trials and the ethical challenges arising in them. This paper reports on a study designed to fill this ...