The Morality of Clinical Research: A Case Study
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1994 Feb; 19(1): 7-21.
The paper is a record of a debate which took place between a group of clinicians and the author concerning a clinical trial of a drug supposed to postpone the time when HIV-patients develop AIDS. A problem with the trial was that on available (inconclusive) evidence it appeared that one patient out of 500 was killed by the drug. The question raised was whether, in view of this evidence, it was morally defensible to go on with the trial. The discussion came to involve general topics such as the appropriate role of the ideal of autonomy as well as more particular topics of quantitative and qualitative risk assessments. The main thrust of the argument is that different conceptions of rationality may provide rationales of conflicting clinical decisions. Philosophy matters to medicine.
Adults; Aids; Alternatives; Autonomy; Beneficence; Case Studies; Control Groups; Clinical Research; Consent; Decision Analysis; Decision Making; Drugs; Ethicists; Guidelines; HIV Seropositivity; Human Experimentation; Informed Consent; Medicine; Morality; Mortality; Paternalism; Patients; Philosophy; Physicians; Preventive Medicine; Research; Research Design; Research Subjects; Risk; Risks and Benefits; Therapeutic Research; Toxicity; Utilitarianism; Volunteers;
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