In Vitro Fertilization: Regulations in Germany
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 1993 Summer; 2(3): 321-326.
Conclusion: The short history of IVF gives the impression that traditional and valid norms of medical ethics have been forgotten in view of something tremendously new. The new ethical problems and the ethical challenges were acknowledged, but what was known and absoulutely standardized was forgotten. The Hippocratic tradition of "helping the sufferer" is used as an argument for IVF, but it is doubtful whether the practical application of IVF can easily be brought into accord with this tradition, although the therapy can be beneficial in an individual case. Nevertheless, further research is necessary to improve the poor success rates....In this respect, conditions are not adequate to answer the question "therapy or experiment?" Patients have been misled by exorbitant success figures and have not been informed that IVF can in no way be regarded as clinically tested in all indications. The observation in 1990 of a commission of the Academy for Ethics within Medicine that "there are very many 'losers' in IVF and only a few 'winners'" should have aroused more attention. Assuming an authentic intention to help all concerned, why has one of the most spectacular projects in modern medicine received such a negative evaluation? The answer to the question is certainly complex. One of the factors involved is the momentum of technology; and medical ethical tradition was sacrificed because of the impending danger of missing a technological development. (KIE abstract)
Consent; Embryos; Ethics; Eugenics; Evaluation; Family Relationship; Government; Government Regulation; In Vitro Fertilization; Infertility; Informed Consent; Intention; IVF; Marital Relationship; Medical Ethics; Medicine; Moral Policy; Mothers; Patients; Regulation; Research; Resource Allocation; Roman Catholic Ethics; Social Impact; Surrogate Mothers; Technology; Technology Assessment;
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