The Limits of Proxy Decision Making: Undertreatment
Gillick, Muriel R.
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 1995 Spring; 4(2): 172-177.
With the passage by virtually every state legislature of healthcare proxy laws, the medical profession increasingly can expect to rely on the participation of surrogates in making decisions on behalf of incompetent patients. Several concerns about the legitimacy of proxy decision making have been discussed in the ethical and general medical literature: the lack of concordance between the views of patients and their surrogates have been documented on multiple occasions, and cases of abuse by proxies or potential conflict of interest have been reported. Another dilemma that deserves discussion arises when proxies demand withdrawal of treatment that physicians and nurses regard as essential to the well-being of the patient.
Aged; Allowing to Die; Brain; Brain Pathology; Case Studies; Competence; Conflict of Interest; Consent; Decision Making; Dissent; Family Members; Goals; Government; Informed Consent; Legal Aspects; Life; Literature; Laws; Nurses; Patients; Physicians; Prolongation of Life; Proxy; Quality of Life; Standards; State Government; State Interest; Third Party Consent; Withholding Treatment;
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Gillick, Muriel R.; Fried, Terri (1995-06)
Fried, Terri R.; Gillick, Muriel R. (1995)Traditionally, surrogates have been involved principally in making decisions about life-sustaining treatment for incompetent individuals. Today, surrogates are increasingly called upon to make everyday medical decisions ...
Fried, Terri R.; Gillick, Muriel R. (1995-09)