Shading the Truth in Seeking Informed Consent for Research Purposes
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. 1995 Mar; 5(1): 1-17.
I want to argue for two propositions. First, I suggest that what some researchers may take to be a simple trade-off between minor violations of the truth for the sake of access to far greater truths represents a profound miscalculation with far-reaching and cumulative reverberations. Second, I submit that today's research environment, as demanding, competitive, and sometimes bewildering as it is, offers genuine scope for what Murdoch calls truth-seeking, for imagining and questioning, and for relating to facts through both truth and truthfulness; but that, in so doing, it presents hard choices with respect to methods, and, in turn, to personal integrity -- not only in particular research projects but also with respect to that fragile research environment in its own right.
Anonymous Testing; Behavioral Research; Codes of Ethics; Consent; Deception; Disclosure; Drug Abuse; Environment; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Goals; Human Experimentation; Informed Consent; Investigator Subject Relationship; Investigators; Methods; Misconduct; Morality; Motivation; Obligations to Society; Organizations; Professional Organizations; Psychology; Public Opinion; Research; Research Design; Research Ethics; Research Ethics Committees; Researchers; Risks and Benefits; Scientific Misconduct; Trust; Values; Virtues;
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Informed Consent for Research Purposes in Intensive Care Patients in Europe-Part I. an Official Statement of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine Lemaire, F.; Blanch, L.; Cohen, S.L. (European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. Working Group on Ethics, 1997-03)