Patients' Rights in Japan: Progress and Resistance
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. 1994 Dec; 4(4): 337-343.
The discussion of patients' rights in Japan began in 1968 when a surgeon was accused of violating a potential organ donor's right to life by arbitrarily employing brain-based criteria in the determination of his death. A proliferation of documents that articulate and endorse patients' rights occurred in the 1980s and early 1990s. The doctrine of informed consent, which has been a central aspect of the movement toward patients' rights, is increasingly recognized in Japan, although importance rarely has been attached to the element of the patient's "appreciation" of the information disclosed by the physician, much less to the "voluntariness" of the patient's decision. Nevertheless, recent court decisions indicate progress both in the acceptance and the understanding of the doctrine in Japan.
Attitudes; Autonomy; Bioethical Issues; Brain; Consent; Death; Decision Making; Disclosure; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Health; Health Care; Health Personnel; Hospitals; Informed Consent; Legal Aspects; Life; Malpractice; Paternalism; Patient Access to Records; Patient Advocacy; Patient Participation; Patients; Patients' Rights; Privacy; Records; Rights; Right to Life; Volunteers;
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