Rationing Health Care: From Needs to Markets?
Pollock, Allyson M.
Health Care Analysis. 1995 Nov; 3(4): 299-314.
Rationing health care is not new. As governments world wide struggle to contain the costs of health care, health policy analysts debate how rationing should be done. However, they too often neglect how the mechanisms for funding and allocating health care resources are themselves vehicles for rationing treatment. In the UK, where health care rationing debates currently abound, there has been no formal evaluation of the role of the market in allocating scarce health care resources. The market in health care has increased administration, fragmented services, eroded local accountability, and decreased choice. This fragmentation, and the associated competition between purchasers and providers, means that resource allocation can no longer be monitored and evaluated in a national context. The loss of a population focus has left a vacuum in planning. Services cannot be planned rationally, and so are not able consistently to avoid duplication or to respond cogently to estimates of need.
Accountability; Age Factors; Costs and Benefits; Decision Making; Economics; Evaluation; Family Practice; Females; Government; Government Financing; Guidelines; Health; Health Care; Health Care Delivery; Health Care Rationing; Illness; Justice; Males; Morbidity; Mortality; Organization and Administration; Physicians; Politics; Public Policy; Resource Allocation; Rights; Self Induced Illness; Standards; Terminology;