The Exclusion of Pregnant, Pregnable, and Once-Pregnable People (A.k.a. Women) From Biomedical Research
American Journal of Law and Medicine. 1993; 19(4): 369-451.
The barriers to women's participation as subjects in biomedical research are currently being challenged as a matter of legislative policy, medicine, and law. This Article catalogs the ways in which women have been disadvantaged by their exclusion and recent developments to redress them, and goes on to dissect the underlying rationales for excluding women from clinical trials. The author reveals the 'fundamental misconception' behind exclusionary rationales, and argues that research sponsors in fact have more to fear in the way of potential liability from the exclusion of women, even pregnant women and women of child-bearing capacity, than from their inclusion. Finally, the Article suggests strategies for achieving reform of these exclusionary practices.
Aids; Attitudes; Biomedical Research; Children; Clinical Trials; Consent; Drug Industry; Drugs; Duty to Warn; Discrimination; Education; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Federal Government; Females; Fetuses; Financial Support; Food; Government; Government Regulation; Guidelines; Health; Health Care; Heart Diseases; Human Experimentation; Industry; Informed Consent; Injuries; Investigators; Law; Legal Aspects; Legal Obligations; Liability; Males; Medicine; Parental Consent; Preconception Injuries; Pregnant Women; Quality of Health Care; Regulation; Research; Research Ethics; Research Ethics Committees; Selection of Subjects; Social Discrimination; Women's Health;
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