Moral Consensus in Public Ethics: Patient Autonomy and Family Decisionmaking in the Work of One State Bioethics Commission
Moskowitz, Ellen H.
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1996 Apr; 21(2): 149-168.
Focusing on the work of one bioethics commission, the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law, this article explores the role played by moral consensus in public ethics. Task Force members, who were appointed to represent diverse interests in New York State, identified a culturally strong value of individual autonomy as the ethical basis for their work on life-sustaining treatment. This moral consensus permitted the members to unite across their differences and develop public policy recommendations that substantially reformed a highly troubling New York law. However, the principle of autonomy insufficiently guides decisions by caring family members for incompetent adults in cases where little is known of patient preference. A different, more innovative moral vision is required -- one that grants a more robust moral authority to the family. While government efforts that rely on moral consensus developed in a broad-based and well-reasoned manner can serve us well, in some cases the consensus will provide inadequate moral guidance. Government bioethical efforts must guard against the limits of moral vision in light of their disproportionate societal power.
Adults; Advance Directives; Advisory Committees; Allowing to Die; Autonomy; Beneficence; Bioethics; Caring; Consensus; Consent; Decision Making; Democracy; Ethics; Family Members; Family Relationship; Government; Health; Health Personnel; Law; Legal Aspects; Life; Moral Policy; Prolongation of Life; Public Participation; Public Policy; Power; Resuscitation; Right to Die; Standards; State Government; Third Party Consent; Treatment Refusal; Value of Life; Values; Withholding Treatment;
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