Physician-Assisted Suicide and the Dutch Courts
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 1996 Winter; 5(1): 93-99.
...Until recently, little attention was paid to PAS [physician-assisted suicide] as such. During the last years, however, several cases of PAS that do not resemble the usual euthanasia cases have been brought before the [Dutch] courts. Most of these new cases do not concern patients suffering from serious somatic disases, like terminal cancers, but psychiatric patients. They have raised several questions. Could PAS be justified when psychiatric patients are concerned? Could it be allowed when the person in question wants to commit suicide, not primarily because of an unbearable illness or disability that leaves no hope for the future, but rather because of intolerable life circumstances? This article discusses the recent court decisions in which these questions, at least to some extent, have been addressed.
Alternatives; Assisted Suicide; Autonomy; Competence; Consent; Consultation; Decision Making; Depressive Disorder; Disability; Euthanasia; Guidelines; Informed Consent; Illness; Judicial Action; Law; Legal Aspects; Legal Liability; Life; Liability; Organizational Policies; Organizations; Patients; Physician's Role; Professional Organizations; Prognosis; Psychiatry; Psychological Stress; Referral and Consultation; Suffering; Suicide; Supreme Court Decisions; Treatment Refusal;
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Dutch Criteria of Due Care for Physician-Assisted Dying in Medical Practice: A Physician Perspective Buiting, H.M.; Gevers, J.K.M.; Rietjens, J.A.C.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.D.; van der Maas, P.J.; van der Heide, A.; van Delden, J.J.M. (2008-09)Introduction: The Dutch Euthanasia Act (2002) states that euthanasia is not punishable if the attending physician acts in accordance with the statutory due care criteria. These criteria hold that: there should be a voluntary ...