Voluntary, Named Testing for HIV in a Community Based Antenatal Clinic: Pilot Study
BMJ (British Medical Journal). 1995 Oct 7; 311(7010): 928-931.
Despite the increasing advantages of identifying HIV infection in pregnant women, only some 12% of HIV positive women attending antenatal clinics in London have been identified by named testing. As virtually all antenatal care will be community based within the next two to three years, we assessed the problems of introducing named HIV testing during pregnancy into the primary care setting. Planning the service took a considerable time and required the production of educational material for both staff and pregnant women and some reorganization of procedures. Over a one year period an uptake of 44% was noted. Several problems were encountered including an average of 21 minutes needed to give information on AIDS and HIV, an adverse effect on the midwife-mother relationship, and anxiety (affecting both women and midwives). Possible solutions to this difficult problem are discussed.
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