Reproductive Technologies in Developing Countries
Macklin, Ruth B.
Bioethics. 1995 Jul; 9(3/4): 276-282.
Are there any ethical concerns about reproductive technologies that are specific or unique to developing countries? Three ethical concerns often mentioned specifically in regard to developing countries are (1), the "overpopulation argument"; (2) the limited resources argument; and (3) the ethical problem of poorly trained practitioners offering their services to unsuspecting and uninformed infertile individuals or couples. Each argument is explored in some detail, with the conclusion that ethical problems do, in fact, exist but are not unique to developing countries. Nevertheless, the difficulties relating to reproductive technologies are likely to be greater in developing countries than in developed ones because of limited resources and a larger number of poor people residing there.
Autonomy; Competence; Consent; Developing Countries; Females; Government; Government Financing; Health; Health Care; Indigents; Infertility; Informed Consent; Justice; Medicine; Misconduct; Obligations of Society; Physicians; Population Control; Preventive Medicine; Professional Competence; Psychological Stress; Quality of Health Care; Reproductive Technologies; Resource Allocation; Stigmatization;
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Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Ads, and Ethics: Philosophical, Ethical, and Clinical Perspectives on the Use of Advertising in Reproductive Medicine Executive Summary of a Conference Held by the National Advisory Board on Ethics In Reproduction in Washington, D.C. on October 19, 1997 Macklin, Ruth; White, Gladys B. (1997-05)