Community and Justice: The Challenges of Bicultural Partnership to Policy on Assisted Reproductive Technology
Bioethics. 1996 Jul; 10(3): 212-221.
Listening to other cultures offers challenges to our fundamental assumptions and worldviews. In New Zealand public policy on Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is being worked out in a society committed to the development of bicultural partnership honouring the Treaty of Waitangi, a treaty with the indigenous people. Strong claims to the cultural significance of genetic heritage by Maori have made apparent to non-Maori (Pakeha) their own assumptions. These claims also resist reductive understandings of genetics. In this paper I review, as a Pakeha ethicist, initiatives taken in New Zealand, and the impact of bicultural development on public policy on ART. I also discuss some of the issues this raises for western bioethics as it relates to non-western approaches and include reference to the significance of genetic heritage as it is affecting guidelines for donor insemination and surrogacy.
Advisory Committees; Artificial Insemination; Bioethics; Donors; Genetic Identity; Genetic Information; Genetics; Guidelines; Justice; Minority Groups; Mothers; Non-Western World; Public Policy; Regulation; Reproductive Technologies; Review; Semen Donors; Surrogate Mothers; Technology; Western World;
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