The Gift of Blood in Europe: An Ethical Defense of EC Directive 89/381
Journal of Medical Ethics. 1997 Apr; 23(2): 96-100.
Article 3.4 of EC directive 89/381 requires member states to take "all necessary measures to promote Community self-sufficiency in human blood or human plasma" and, for this purpose, to "encourage the voluntary unpaid donation of blood and plasma". This paper presents an ethical case in support of the policy of voluntary, unpaid donation.
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Donated Blood--Gift or Commodity? Some Economic and Ethical Considerations on Voluntary vs. Commercial Donation of Blood von Schubert, Hartwig (1994-07)The author applies the theory of public goods on donated blood. Donated blood may be taken as a 'public good' like water and air, police and firebrigades. This theory tends to imply a preference for voluntary donation and ...