Ethical Considerations in Oncology: Balancing the Interests of Patients, Oncologists, and Society
Smith, Thomas J.
Bodurtha, Joann N.
Journal of Clinical Oncology. 1995 Sep; 13(9): 2464-2470.
BACKGROUND: Oncologists face ethical dilemmas every day in deciding about choice of treatment, continuation of treatments, events near the end of life, conflicts of interest, and risk management. Yet, many oncologists have limited training in ethics. METHODS: Review of existing studies and definitions of useful terms. Case studies analyzed according to ethical principles. RESULTS: Individual oncology cases can be analyzed according to ethical principles with benefit to the patient, physician, and possibly society. Ethics cannot resolve many of the thorny questions about allocation of resources, justice, or possible conflict of interest. CONCLUSION: Oncology decision-making fits into formal ethical frameworks, and understanding both can help doctors and patients make difficult choices. Understanding of ethical principles can help daily practice, but does not solve current dilemmas of allocation of resources, unrealistic demands, etc. More formal collaboration between hospital ethics committees or personnel and clinical oncologists is recommended for the day-to-day decision-making process.
Allowing to Die; Autonomy; Allocation of Resources; Beneficence; Cancer; Case Studies; Clinical Ethics; Clinical Ethics Committees; Conflict of Interest; Consent; Consultation; Disclosure; Drugs; Doctors; Economics; Ethical Analysis; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Futility; Goals; Health; Health Facilities; Health Insurance; Hospital Ethics Committees; Informed Consent; Insurance; Justice; Legal Aspects; Life; Medical Ethics; Methods; Palliative Care; Patient Care; Patient Participation; Patients; Physician Self-Referral; Physicians; Prognosis; Proprietary Health Facilities; Quality of Life; Radiation; Resource Allocation; Review; Risk; Risk Management; Withholding Treatment;
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.