Ethical Cautions in the Use of Outcomes for Resource Allocation in the Managed Care Environment of Mental Health
Olsen, Douglas P.
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing. 1995 Aug; 9(4): 173-178.
Increasingly, resources are being allocated through competitive contracting based on outcome data. This context for outcome research renews ethical concern about the nature of outcome data in the field of mental health. The epistemology of mental illness creates special concerns regarding outcome measurement. Ethical cautions specific to six types of outcome measurement are reviewed: utilization, clinician reports, patient reports, objective measures of diagnostic entities, objective measures of functioning and multifactor research. Brief guidelines are offered for addressing ethical cautions. Also discussed are the difficulty in defining good outcomes and a social obligation to future generations that may be better addressed through process measurements.
Alcohol Abuse; Behavior Disorders; Depressive Disorder; Diagnosis; Economics; Environment; Ethical Analysis; Evaluation; Future Generations; Guidelines; Health; Health Care; Illness; Managed Care Programs; Mental Health; Managed Care; Mental Illness; Nature; Organization and Administration; Patient Care; Research; Resource Allocation; Review; Schizophrenia; Standards;
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