Health Care Analysis. 1996 Aug; 4(3): 206-218.
In the United States, disturbing concerns pertaining to both how putative bioethicists are perceived and the potential for the abuse of their power in connection with these perceptions compel close examination. This paper addresses these caveats by examining two fundamental and interrelated components in the image-construction of the ethicist: definitional and contextual. Definitional features reveal that perceptions and images of the ethicist are especially subject to distortion due to a lack of clarity as to the nature and qualifications of the ethicist. Furthermore, the clinical, professional, political, academic, and linguistic contexts in which these ethicists are engaged are contexts of disquieting degrees of power. I argue that the lack of definitional clarity as to what constitutes an ethicist combined with the above volatile contexts together set the stage for the abuse of power on the part of ethicists. Throughout, I question the extent of self-critical analyses among ethicists, and, in view of these components in image-construction and their relationship to power, I challenge the degree of integrity within the field. In conclusion, I propose some areas for further investigation.
Accountability; Bioethical Issues; Bioethics; Clinical Ethics; Communication; Competence; Consultation; Education; Ethical Analysis; Ethical Theory; Ethicist's Role; Ethicists; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Evaluation; Interdisciplinary Communication; Interprofessional Relations; Literature; Mass Media; Methods; Moral Policy; Nature; Philosophy; Professional Competence; Power; Referral and Consultation; Regulation; Self Concept; Self Regulation; Social Dominance; Standards; Technical Expertise; Terminology; Universities;
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Brannigan, Michael C. (1999)This paper examines the Japanese notion of relationality, that is, the idea that the individual is defined primarily within a web of relationships. Furthermore, it proposes that this relationality provides an ontological ...