Maximizing Health Benefits vs Egalitarianism: An Australian Survey of Health Issues
Social Science and Medicine. 1995 Nov; 41(10): 1429-1437.
Economists have often treated the objective of health services as being the maximization of the QALYs gained, irrespective of how the gains are distributed. In a cross section of Australians such a policy of distributive neutrality received: (a) very little support when health benefits to young people compete with health benefits to the elderly; (b) only moderate support when those who can become a little better compete with those who can become much better; (c) only moderate support when smokers compete with non smokers; (d) some support when young children compete with newborns; and (e) wide spread support when parents of dependent children compete with people without children. Overall, the views of the study population were strongly egalitarian. A policy of health benefit maximization received very limited support when the consequence is a loss of equity and access to services for the elderly and for people with a limited potential for improving their health.
Age Factors; Children; Costs and Benefits; Critically Ill; Economics; Evaluation; Evaluation Studies; Health; Health Care; Health Services; Illness; Justice; Life; Newborns; Organ Transplantation; Parents; Prognosis; Public Opinion; Public Participation; Public Policy; Qalys; Quality of Life; Refusal to Treat; Resource Allocation; Selection for Treatment; Self Induced Illness; Smoking; Survey; Transplantation; Treatment Outcome; Values;
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Nord, Erik; Street, Andrew; Richardson, Jeff; Kuhse, Helga; Singer, Peter (1996-05)To give priority to the young over the elderly has been labelled 'ageism'. People who express 'ageist' preferences may feel that, all else equal, an individual has greater right to enjoy additional life years the fewer ...