Revising the History of Cold War Research Ethics
Moreno, Jonathan D.
Lederer, Susan E.
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. 1996 Sep; 6(3): 223-237.
President Clinton's charge to the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments included the identification of ethical and legal standards for evaluating government-sponsored radiation experiments conducted during the Cold War. In this paper, we review the traditional account of the history of American research ethics, and then highlight and explain the significance of a number of the Committee's historical findings as they relate to this account. These findings include both the national defense establishment's struggles with legal and insurance issues concerning human experiments, and the medical profession's perspective on human experimentation in the years following the Nuremberg Medical Trials. We conclude that the Committee's work both enriches the traditional view of the history of research ethics and opens important new areas for study.
Advisory Committees; Atomic Energy; Bioethics; Codes of Ethics; Consent Forms; Consent; Ethical Review; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Federal Government; Forms; Government; Government Regulation; Human Experimentation; Informed Consent; Insurance; Investigators; Medical Records; Military Personnel; Misconduct; Moral Obligations; Nontherapeutic Research; Organizational Policies; Patients; Physicians; Public Policy; Radiation; Records; Regulation; Research; Research Ethics; Research Subjects; Review; Scientific Misconduct; Selection of Subjects; Standards; Volunteers; War;
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US Medical Researchers, the Nuremberg Doctors Trial, and the Nuremberg Code: A Review of Findings of the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments Faden, Ruth R.; Lederer, Susan E.; Moreno, Jonathan D. (1996-11-27)The Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (ACHRE), established to review allegations of abuses of human subjects in federally sponsored radiation research, was charged with identifying appropriate standards to ...