A New Look at Animal-to-Human Organ Transplantation
McCarthy, Charles R.
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. 1996 Jun; 6(2): 183-188.
The acute shortage of organs available for transplantation into human beings combined with a new scientfic understanding of the immune systems of both humans and animals make it probable that animal-to-human solid organ transplants (xenografts) may soon be attempted at a frequency rate unknown in the past. Optimism about successful animal-to-human organ transplantation is greater than at any previous time. The creation of a reliable supply of animal organs appears to be technically feasible. At least five major transplant centers in the United States are currently considering plans to pursue xenotransplantation. Although, at the time of this writing, no federal guidelines prohibit animal-to-human organ transplantation, the institutions considering such programs are awaiting deliberations on the subject by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS).
Animal Organs; Communicable Diseases; Drugs; Federal Government; Food; Government; Government Regulation; Guidelines; Health; Medicine; Organ Transplantation; Primates; Public Health; Regulation; Risk; Risks and Benefits; Scarcity; Tissue Transplantation; Transplantation; Transgenic Animals; Xenotransplantation; Xenografts;
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The Cultural, Spiritual and Ethical Aspects of Xenotransplantation: Animal-to-Human Transplantation: A Discussion Document Unknown creator (New Zealand. Ministry of the Environment. Toi te Taiao: The Bioethics Council, 2005-01)