Routine HIV Testing of Hospital Patients and Pregnant Women: Informed Consent in the Real World
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. 1996 Jun; 6(2): 161-182.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recommended that HIV testing be routinely offered to certain patients in hospitals with a high prevalence of HIV infection and to all pregnant women. The CDC does not, however, offer implementation level guidelines for obtaining informed consent. We provide a moral justification for requiring informed consent for HIV testing and propose guidelines for securing such consent. In particular we argue that genuine informed consent can be secured without elaborate counseling, such as that currently used at Counseling and Testing Sites, provided that sufficient written notice is given to the patients before testing and that they are specifically asked for permission.
Adolescents; Adults; Aids; Aids Serodiagnosis; Autonomy; Coercion; Comprehension; Confidentiality; Consent Forms; Counseling; Consent; Disclosure; Disease; Forms; Government; Guidelines; HIV Seropositivity; Hospitals; Informed Consent; Institutional Policies; Mass Screening; Medical Records; Moral Policy; Patient Admission; Patient Care; Patients; Policy Analysis; Pregnant Women; Prevalence; Privacy; Public Policy; Records; Rights; Voluntary Programs;
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