Patients' Rights in Laboratory Examinations: Do They Realize?
Nursing Ethics. 1997 Nov; 4(6): 451-464.
This article discusses the rights of patients who are attending hospital for the most common laboratory examinations and who may also be taking part in research studies. A distinction is made between five kinds of rights to: protection of privacy, physical integrity, mental integrity, information and self-determination. The data were collected (n = 204) by means of a structured questionnaire specifically developed for this study in the clinical chemistry, haematological, physiological and neurophysiological laboratories of one randomly selected university hospital in Finland. The analysis of the data was statistical. On the whole, patients' rights were realized reasonably well. This was most particularly the case with protection of privacy, as well as with the rights of physical and mental integrity. The rights to information and self-determination were less well realized. There are various steps that health care professionals and organizations can take to make sure that patients can enjoy their full rights, by counselling the patient, by giving opportunities to plan the examinations in advance, and by arranging a sufficient number of small examination rooms.
Autonomy; Confidentiality; Consent; Decision Making; Diagnosis; Disclosure; Evaluation; Evaluation Studies; Guideline Adherence; Health; Health Care; Hospitals; Informed Consent; Institutional Policies; Laboratories; Misconduct; Nurse's Role; Organizations; Patients; Patients' Rights; Privacy; Professional Patient Relationship; Research; Rights; Standards; Survey;
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