The Moral Foundations of Scientific Ethics and Responsibility
Journal of Dental Research. 1996 Feb; 75(2): 825-831.
Any significant involvement of AADR/IADR in ensuring responsible research among their members must be grounded in a widely accepted consensus that there are good moral reasons for such involvement. One important source of such reasons is AADR/IADR's identity as a scientific research, a professional, and a dental association. These identities and the commitments to society and to clients implicit in them generate several mutually reinforcing reasons for taking responsibility for the reliability of members' research. With regard to scientific research, these reasons arise from what it means to do such research, and from the various ways the larger society supports that activity. With regard to the professional dimension, the reasons arise from what it means to be a profession in this society and can be best seen in relation to the four major characteristics of professions. With regard to AADR/IADR's being a dental profession, such reasons arise from dental researchers' specific role in the dental family of professions' goal of delivering optimal care to the clients of practitioners. The clients' perspective, specifically the need to be able to trust that one will receive the best care possible, is a final source for such reasons. Two current issues, the sharing of findings and commercial/industrial support for research, give new urgency to this question of the Association's role in ensuring responsible research.
Autonomy; Biomedical Research; Codes of Ethics; Common Good; Competence; Consensus; Dentistry; Disclosure; Ethics; Fraud; Goals; Information Dissemination; Investigators; Misconduct; Moral Obligations; Obligations to Society; Organizations; Professional Autonomy; Professional Competence; Professional Ethics; Professional Organizations; Professional Role; Regulation; Research; Researchers; Science; Self Regulation; Trust; Values;
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Camenisch, P.F. (1996-02-03)
The Crumbling Foundations of Medical Ethics [Review of RETHINKING LIFE and DEATH: THE COLLAPSE of OUR TRADITIONAL ETHICS, by Peter Singer; the FOUNDATIONS of BIOETHICS, by H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; DECIDING TOGETHER: BIOETHICS and MORAL CONSENSUS, by Jonathan D. Moreno] Campbell, Courtney S. (1998-04)