Missouri's Parental Consent Law and Teen Pregnancy Outcomes
Pierson, Vicky Howell
Women and Health. 1995; 22(3): 47-58.
The Supreme Court decision of July 1989 upholding state regulation of abortion has led to numerous attempts to impose parental consent and/or parental notification legislation for females under the age of 18 seeking abortions. The effect of such legislation on teen pregnancy outcomes is hotly debated. Missouri vital statistics data from 1980 through 1992 are examined for the effect of such a law on pregnancy resolution choices among teens. The Missouri data suggest that since the enforcement of the parental consent statute in 1985 there has been a decrease in the selection of abortion as a pregnancy outcome, particularly among white teens. In addition there has been an increase in the percent of abortions among teens taking place in other states and an irregular but steady trend toward later abortions. The increasing number of births to unmarried mothers under the age of 18 suggest the need for specific services to help these young mothers cope.
Abortion; Adolescents; Adoption; Age Factors; Alternatives; Childbirth; Consent; Females; Geographic Factors; Government; Government Regulation; Law; Legislation; Minors; Mothers; Notification; Parental Consent; Parental Notification; Pregnant Women; Pregnancy; Regulation; Social Impact; State Government; Statistics; Time Factors;
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