Informed Consent in Medical Research: Journals Should Not Publish Research to Which Patients Have Not Given Fully Informed Consent -- With Three Exceptions
BMJ (British Medical Journal). 1997 Apr 12; 314(7087): 1107-1111.
Is the demand for informed consent absolute? In the first of this pair of articles a professor of medical ethics argues that the principle of informed consent to participate in medical research is fundamental if patients are competent volunteers. Consent is not needed when patients are incompetent to give it (young children, unconscious patients, etc.); when research uses only medical records; and when stored human tissue is used. Before publishing the results of such research, however, journals must ensure that certain minimal conditions are complied with.
Autonomy; Biomedical Research; Children; Common Good; Competence; Confidentiality; Consent; Disclosure; Editorial Policies; Epidemiology; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Human Experimentation; Informed Consent; Investigators; Medical Ethics; Medical Records; Medical Research; Nontherapeutic Research; Parental Consent; Paternalism; Patients; Psychological Stress; Publishing; Random Selection; Records; Research; Research Ethics; Research Ethics Committees; Rights; Risks and Benefits; Standards; Therapeutic Research; Volunteers;
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