An Enquiry Into a Combined Approach for Nursing Ethics
Nursing Ethics. 1998 Mar; 5(2): 122-138.
A definitive theory for ethical decision making in nursing is still only conjecture. The literature confirms that there have been numerous examinations of ethical decision making in nursing, with most proposing either the justice or the care orientation, or a combination of both. In the absence of a definitive theory, this exploratory work sets out, via grounded theory, to shed some light on the methods used every day by nurses to make ethical decisions in the clinical area. The data show that some factors, such as doctors, colleagues and the organization, profoundly influence ethical decision making. The informants used both care and justice to formulate decisions, which is known as the combined approach. As a result of these findings, this article concludes with tentative suggestions and recommendations for practice.
Autonomy; Beneficence; Caring; Conscience; Decision Making; Disclosure; Doctors; Education; Ethics; Evaluation; Evaluation Studies; Family Relationship; Institutional Policies; Interprofessional Relations; Justice; Literature; Methods; Nurses; Nursing Education; Nursing Ethics; Nursing Research; Paternalism; Patient Advocacy; Patient Care; Patient Care Team; Patients; Physician Patient Relationship; Physicians; Qualitative Research; Research; Theoretical Models;
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Lipp, Allyson (1998-03)
Lutzen, Kim (1997-05)The aim of this article is to argue for the need for a context-sensitive approach to the understanding of ethical issues in nursing practice as we face the next millennium. This approach means that the idea of universalism ...