Embryo Research: The Ethical Geography of the Debate
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1997 Oct; 22(5): 495-519.
Three basic political positions on embryo research will be identified as libertarian, conservative, and social-democratic. The Human Embryo Research Panel will be regarded as an expression of the social-democratic position. A taxonomy of the ethical issues addressed by the Panel will then be developed at the juncture of political and ethical modes of reflection. Among the arguments considered will be those for the separability of the abortion and embryo research debates; arguments against the possibility of the preembryo being a person, especially arguments associated with totipotency and the significance of the primitive streak; and the various reasons for regulating embryo research, including those associated with respect for the preembryo, the protection of traditional views of human procreation, and the prevention of commercialization.
Abortion; Advisory Committees; Beginning of Life; Consensus; Consent; Embryo Research; Embryos; Federal Government; Fetal Development; Fetal Research; Fetuses; Government; Government Financing; Government Regulation; Human Experimentation; Informed Consent; Libertarianism; Life; Moral Obligations; Nontherapeutic Research; Personhood; Policy Analysis; Politics; Private Sector; Public Policy; Procreation; Regulation; Reproductive Technologies; Research; Research Design; Research Embryo Creation; Risks and Benefits; Science; Twinning;
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Annas, George J.; Caplan, Arthur; Elias, Sherman (1996-05-16)The country needs clear and consistent rules for research on human embryos, as well as uniform methods of review. This uniformity cannot be provided by local institutional review boards, but only by a central review panel. ...