Ethical Aspects of Gene Therapy and Molecular Genetic Diagnostics
Cytokines and Molecular Therapy. 1996 Sep; 2(3): 207-211.
Progress in medicine has solved many problems facing humanity. At the same time, however, it has also led to many new ones. There is no reason to believe that this ambivalence will cease to exist with respect to future applications of gene technology in medicine. A sober and differential assessment of the chances and risks of this new technology is therefore necessary. The present paper outlines just such an assessment. Its main conclusion is that genetic diagnostics may pose more difficult ethical and social problems than gene therapy. This may especially be the case if this diagnostic technology is routinely used for screening programs to detect widespread diseases like cancer, hypertension or diabetes in a population that is not at high risk.
Cancer; Coercion; Diabetes; Discrimination; Gene Therapy; Genetic Disorders; Genetic Predisposition; Genetic Screening; Health; Health Insurance; Hypertension; Insurance; Late-Onset Disorders; Mass Screening; Medicine; Preventive Medicine; Public Opinion; Risk; Risks and Benefits; Social Control; Social Discrimination; Social Impact; Social Problems; Technology;
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Summary of "Gene Transfer Into Human Somatic Cells. State of the Technology, Medical Risks, Social and Ethical Problems: A Report" [Summary of a Report by the Institut Fur System Und Technologie Analysen, Working Group on Ethical and Socio- Political Aspects of Gene Transfer] Bayertz, Kurt; Paslack, Rainer; Schmidt, Kurt W. (1994-04)