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dc.creatorOrlans, F. Barbaraen
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-05T19:02:53Zen
dc.date.available2015-05-05T19:02:53Zen
dc.date.created1997en
dc.date.issued1997en
dc.identifier10.1207/s15327019eb0702_7en
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationEthics and Behavior. 1997; 7(2): 163-171.en
dc.identifier.issn1050-8422en
dc.identifier.urihttp://worldcatlibraries.org/registry/gateway?version=1.0&url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&atitle=Ethical+Decision+Making+about+Animal+Experiments&title=Ethics+and+Behavior.++&volume=7&issue=2&pages=163-171&date=1997&au=Orlans,+F.+Barbaraen
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327019eb0702_7en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10822/753848en
dc.description.abstractLaboratory animals, being vulnerable subjects, need the protection provided by adequate ethical review. This review falls primarily to Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees. A review committee's first duty is to identify which procedures ethically are unacceptable irrespective of any knowledge that might be derived. Examples are provided. These projects should be disapproved. Then, "on balance" judgments are assessed that weigh the animal harms against the potential benefits to humans. Several countries (but not the United States) use a classification system for ranking the degree of animal pain and distress. This type of assessment is essential for careful ethical analysis. Another way to enhance ethical discussion is to strive for a more balanced perspective of different viewpoints among members of decision making committees. Inclusion of representatives of animal welfare organizations and a greater proportion of nonanimal researchers would likely achieve this objective.en
dc.formatArticleen
dc.languageenen
dc.sourceBRL:KIE/56416en
dc.subjectAnimal Care Committeesen
dc.subjectAnimal Experimentationen
dc.subjectAnimal Welfareen
dc.subjectClassificationen
dc.subjectDecision Makingen
dc.subjectEthical Analysisen
dc.subjectEthical Reviewen
dc.subjectInternational Aspectsen
dc.subjectKnowledgeen
dc.subjectLaboratory Animalsen
dc.subjectOrganizationsen
dc.subjectPainen
dc.subjectPublic Participationen
dc.subjectPublic Policyen
dc.subjectResearchen
dc.subjectResearchersen
dc.subjectReviewen
dc.subjectRisks and Benefitsen
dc.subjectStandardsen
dc.subjectSufferingen
dc.titleEthical Decision Making About Animal Experimentsen
dc.provenanceDigital citation created by the National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature at Georgetown University for the BIOETHICSLINE database, part of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics' Bioethics Information Retrieval Project funded by the United States National Library of Medicine.en
dc.provenanceDigital citation migrated from OpenText LiveLink Discovery Server database named NBIO hosted by the Bioethics Research Library to the DSpace collection BioethicsLine hosted by Georgetown University.en


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