Ethical Aspects of Judging the Alternative Treatment of Children With Cancer
Nursing Ethics. 1995 Mar; 2(1): 51-62.
In recent decades the improved treatment of childhood cancer has increased the proportion of children being cured. However, the intensive treatment required also implies a heavy burden for the children and their families. The purpose of this article is to judge the ethical aspects of different treatment regimens used for children with cancer by means of a case study. The analysis is based on the ethical model by Beauchamp and Childress. The assessment is based on every person, or group of persons, involved and is on the principles of autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence and justice. The analysis shows that intensification of treatment of children with cancer is ethically justified from a deontological point of view. The consequences are more difficult to anticipate from a utilitarian perspective.
Accountability; Alternatives; Autonomy; Beneficence; Cancer; Case Studies; Children; Decision Making; Deontological Ethics; Ethical Analysis; Ethics; Evaluation; Family Members; Goals; Justice; Life; Minors; Mortality; Nurses; Nonmaleficence; Parents; Patient Care; Physicians; Principle-Based Ethics; Professional Autonomy; Prognosis; Quality of Life; Resource Allocation; Risks and Benefits; Suffering; Technical Expertise; Treatment Outcome; Utilitarianism;
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