Ethical and Legal Risks Associated With Archival Research
Taube, Daniel O.
Ethics and Behavior. 1997; 7(1): 59-67.
Mental health facilities and practitioners commonly permit resarchers to have direct access to patients' records for the purposes of archival research without the informed consent of patient-participants. Typically these researchers have access to all information in such records as long as they agree to maintain confidentiality and remove any identifying data from subsequent research reports. Changes in the American Psychological Association's Ethical Principles (American Psychological Association, 1992) raise ethical and legal issues that require consideration by practitioners, researchers, and facility Institutional Review Boards. This article addresses these issues and provides recommendations for changes in ethical standards as well as alternative avenues for conducting research using archival mental health records.
Behavioral Research; Codes of Ethics; Computers; Confidentiality; Computer Security; Consent; Disclosure; Data Banks; Epidemiology; Ethics; Federal Government; Government; Guidelines; Health; Health Facilities; Health Personnel; Informed Consent; Institutional Review Boards; Investigators; Legal Aspects; Legal Liability; Liability; Medical Records; Mental Health; Mental Institutions; Organizations; Patients; Privacy; Professional Organizations; Psychology; Psychotherapy; Records; Regulation; Research; Research Subjects; Researchers; Review; Risks and Benefits; Standards;
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