Why Does Removing Machines Count as "Passive" Euthanasia?
Hopkins, Patrick D.
Hastings Center Report. 1997 May-Jun; 27(3): 29-37.
The distinction between "passive" and "active" euthanasia, though problematic and highly criticized, retains a certain intuitive appeal. When a patient is allowed to die, nature appears simply to be taking its course. Yet when a patient is killed by, say, a lethal injection, humans appear to be causing his or her death. Guilt seems to follow naturally from the latter act while not from the former. Yet this view only holds up if age-old and vague ideas about "nature" and "artifice" go unscrutinized. Once examined more closely the functional relevance of particular machines to particular bodies becomes evident. And the innocence and guilt less clear.
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Johns Hopkins University. Phoebe R. Berman Bioethics Institute. Genetics and Public Policy Center (2004)
Euthanasia -- the Australian Law in an International Context. Part 1: Passive Voluntary Euthanasia: Research Paper 3: 1996-1997 Cica, Natasha (Australia. Parliament, 1996-09-09)
Schanker, David R. (1993)