Medical Screening and the Value of Early Detection: When Unwarranted Faith Leads to Unethical Recommendations
Hastings Center Report. 1999 Jan-Feb; 29(1): 26-37.
Medical screening is justified on the strength of the assumption that the earlier disease is detected, the better it is for the patient. On examination, however, the assumption turns out to be severely flawed, and inadequate anyway, since it is not only the patient with whom we should be concerned, but healthy people as well. Instead of making assumptions about the ill, we should prove a test's overall benefit to the individual taking it before we recommend it.
Age Factors; Breast Cancer; Cancer; Costs and Benefits; Consent; Disease; Evaluation; Evidence-Based Medicine; Females; Guidelines; Health; Health Promotion; Heart Diseases; Human Experimentation; Hypertension; Informed Consent; Males; Mass Screening; Medicine; Mortality; Nutrition; Organizations; Preventive Medicine; Prostate Cancer; Random Selection; Research; Research Design; Risks and Benefits; Statistics; Surgery;
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