Living With Dementia: Communicating With an Older Person and Her Family
Nursing Ethics. 1999 Jan; 6(1): 23-36.
This article is designed to explore and examine the key components of communication that emerged during the interactional analysis of a role play that took place in the classroom. The 'actors' were nurses who perceived the interaction to reflect an everyday encounter in a hospital ward. Permission to tape the interaction was sought and given by all persons involved. The principal 'players' in the scenario were: the patient, a 70-year-old-woman who had been admitted with dementia, her son and daughter, and the nurse in charge of the ward. The fundamental dynamics of the use of power and restriction, truth telling, family stress, interpersonal conflict, ageism, sexism, empathy and humanism surfaced during the analysis. The findings show that therapeutic communication should be the foundation on which nursing should stand. The article continues with an exploration of the theoretical frameworks that guided the analysis of interaction and concludes by suggesting tentatively some meaningful implications for nursing practice. It plans to furnish provocative new insights into the sometimes covert communication dynamics occurring within the nurse-patient relationship. Finally, it aims to generate discussion on this little-charted realm of human social interaction.
Aged; Autonomy; Beneficence; Caring; Communication; Deception; Dehumanization; Dementia; Diagnosis; Disclosure; Education; Empathy; Ethical Analysis; Ethics; Family Relationship; Humanism; Nurse Patient Relationship; Nurses; Nursing Education; Nursing Ethics; Nursing Research; Paternalism; Patient Care; Professional Family Relationship; Professional Patient Relationship; Psychological Stress; Psychology; Power; Research; Social Interaction; Stigmatization; Truth Disclosure;
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