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dc.creatorWenger, Neil S.en
dc.creatorKorenman, Stanley G.en
dc.creatorBerk, Richarden
dc.creatorLiu, Honghuen
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-05T19:08:56Zen
dc.date.available2015-05-05T19:08:56Zen
dc.date.created1998-11en
dc.date.issued1998-11en
dc.identifier10.1097/00001888-199811000-00018en
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationAcademic Medicine. 1998 Nov; 73(11): 1187-1194.en
dc.identifier.issn1040-2446en
dc.identifier.urihttp://worldcatlibraries.org/registry/gateway?version=1.0&url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&atitle=Punishment+for+Unethical+Behavior+in+the+Conduct+of+Research&title=Academic+Medicine.++&volume=73&issue=11&pages=1187-1194&date=1998&au=Wenger,+Neil+S.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001888-199811000-00018en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10822/757469en
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: To investigate the perceptions of scientists and institutional representatives (IRs) to the National Institutes of Health's Office of Research Integrity concerning appropriate punishment for unethical research behavior. METHOD: In 1994-95, 606 scientists and 91 IRs rated the ethical behaviors of and suggested appropriate punishments for protagonists in randomly generated scenarios describing scientific research behaviors. The authors evaluated the relationships of the suggested punishments to the protagonists' behaviors and characteristics, and compared recommendations of the scientists and IRs. RESULTS: The respondents suggested punishments for 80% of the scenarios that were rated unethical. Punishments were more often prescribed for behaviors rated more unethical and for repeat offenders. The type of punishment was related to the protagonist's academic status and the nature of the unethical behavior. IRs proposed more and different punishments than did scientists. CONCLUSION: Scientists and IRs proposed that most unethical research behaviors be punished. The decision to punish depended on the unethical level of the behavior. The type of punishment depended on the aims: correcting the wrong, rehabilitation, or sanction. Variation in the respondents' selections of punishments and the IRs' greater propensity to punish suggest that scientists committing similar ethical violations may receive different punishments. Explicit consideration of which punishment is merited under what circumstances should be undertaken by the scientific community.en
dc.formatArticleen
dc.languageenen
dc.sourceBRL:MEDKIE/99051768en
dc.subjectAdministratorsen
dc.subjectAttitudesen
dc.subjectBiomedical Researchen
dc.subjectConflict of Interesten
dc.subjectConsensusen
dc.subjectDeceptionen
dc.subjectDisclosureen
dc.subjectEducationen
dc.subjectEthicsen
dc.subjectFederal Governmenten
dc.subjectFrauden
dc.subjectGoalsen
dc.subjectGovernmenten
dc.subjectGovernment Financingen
dc.subjectGuidelinesen
dc.subjectHealthen
dc.subjectInformation Disseminationen
dc.subjectInstitutional Policiesen
dc.subjectInterprofessional Relationsen
dc.subjectInvestigatorsen
dc.subjectMisconducten
dc.subjectNatureen
dc.subjectNegligenceen
dc.subjectProfessional Ethicsen
dc.subjectPunishmenten
dc.subjectRegulationen
dc.subjectRehabilitationen
dc.subjectResearchen
dc.subjectResearch Ethicsen
dc.subjectResearch Institutesen
dc.subjectScientific Misconducten
dc.subjectSelf Regulationen
dc.subjectStandardsen
dc.subjectSurveyen
dc.titlePunishment for Unethical Behavior in the Conduct of Researchen
dc.provenanceDigital citation created by the National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature at Georgetown University for the BIOETHICSLINE database, part of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics' Bioethics Information Retrieval Project funded by the United States National Library of Medicine.en
dc.provenanceDigital citation migrated from OpenText LiveLink Discovery Server database named NBIO hosted by the Bioethics Research Library to the DSpace collection BioethicsLine hosted by Georgetown University.en


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