"Lost in a Shopping Mall" -- a Breach of Professional Ethics
Crook, Lynn S.
Dean, Martha C.
Ethics and Behavior. 1999; 9(1): 39-50.
The "lost in a shopping mall" study has been cited to support claims that psychotherapists can implant memories of false autobiographical information of childhood trauma in their patients. The mall study originated in 1991 as 5 pilot experiments involving 3 children and 2 adult participants. The University of Washington Human Subjects Committee granted approval for the mall study on August 10, 1992. The preliminary results with the 5 pilot subjects were announced 4 days laters. An analysis of the mall study shows that beyond the external misrepresentions, internal scientific methodological errors cast doubt on the validity of the claims that have been attributed to the mall study within scholarly and legal arenas. The minimal involvement -- or, in some cases, negative impact -- of collegial consultation, acadmic supervision, and peer review throughout the evolution of the mall study are reviewed.
Adults; Behavioral Research; Child Abuse; Children; Consultation; Deception; Ethics; Evolution; Faculty; Fraud; Health; Health Personnel; Investigators; Mass Media; Misconduct; Patients; Peer Review; Professional Ethics; Psychology; Psychotherapy; Recall; Research; Research Design; Research Ethics; Review; Scientific Misconduct; Students; Universities;
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