Attitudes and Practices Concerning the End of Life: A Comparison Between Physicians From the United States and From the Netherlands
Willems, Dick L.
Daniels, Elisabeth R.
van der Wal, Gerrit
van der Maas, Paul J.
Emanuel, Ezekiel J.
Archives of Internal Medicine. 2000 Jan 10; 160(1): 63-68.
BACKGROUND: This study compares attitudes and practices concerning the end-of-life decisions between physicians in the United States and in the Netherlands, using the same set of questions. METHODS: A total of 152 physicians from Oregon and 67 from the Netherlands were interviewed using the same questions about (1) their attitudes toward increasing morphine with premature death as a likely consequence, physician-assisted suicide (PAS), and euthanasia; and (2) their involvement in cases of euthanasia, PAS, or the ending of life without an explicit request from the patient. Odds ratios, with 95% confidence intervals, were calculated to investigate relation between attitudes and various characteristics of the respondents. RESULTS: American physicians found euthanasia less often acceptable than the Dutch, but there was similarity in attitudes concerning increasing morphine and PAS. American physicians found increasing morphine and PAS more often acceptable in cases where patients were concerned about becoming a burden to their family. There was a discrepancy between the attitudes and practices of Dutch physicians concerning PAS. The proportions of physicians having practiced euthanasia, PAS, or ending of life without an explicit request from the patient differ more between the countries than do their attitudes, with American physicians having been involved in these practices less often than the Dutch. CONCLUSIONS: In this study of American and Dutch physicians, 2 important differences emerge: different attitudes toward the patient who is concerned over being a burden, and different frequency of euthanasia and PAS in the two countries.
Active Euthanasia; Aids; Assisted Suicide; Attitudes; Cancer; Comparative Studies; Consultation; Death; Drugs; Euthanasia; Family Relationship; Females; Health; Health Insurance; Insurance; Internal Medicine; International Aspects; Involuntary Euthanasia; Knowledge; Legal Aspects; Life; Living Wills; Males; Medicine; Methods; Opioid Analgesics; Pain; Palliative Care; Patients; Physicians; Quality of Life; Religion; Right to Die; Suicide; Survey; Terminal Care; Terminally Ill; Voluntary Euthanasia; Wills;
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Attitudes and Practices Concerning the End of Life: A Comparison Between Physicians From the United States and From the Netherlands Willems, Dick L.; Daniels, Elisabeth R.; van der Wal, Gerrit; van der Maas, Paul J.; Emanuel, Ezekiel J. (2000-01-10)